The Constitution of Japan, 1946
The Constitution of Japan is the highest law in Japan, which was primarily written by American civilian officials during the Allied occupation to replace the Meiji Constitution of 1890. It establishes a parliamentary system of government and ensures fundamental rights for citizens. Unlike the previous constitution, which granted supreme political power to the Emperor, the new charter reduced the Emperor's role to a ceremonial one as a symbol of the State and the people's unity, subject to the sovereignty of the people.
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