E-book Ten Days That Shook the World


John Reed

Referencia BKW9272
E-book Libro electrónico.
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Ten Days That Shook the World (1919) is a book by the American journalist and socialist John Reed about the October Revolution in Russia in 1917, which Reed experienced firsthand. Reed followed many of the prominent Bolshevik leaders closely during his time in Russia. John Reed died in 1920, shortly after the book was finished, and he is one of the few Americans buried at the Kremlin Wall Necropolis in Moscow, a site normally reserved only for the most prominent Soviet leaders. John Reed was on an assignment for The Masses, a magazine of socialist politics, when he was reporting the Russian Revolution. Although Reed states that he had "tried to see events with the eye of a conscientious reporter, interested in setting down the truth" during the time of the event, he stated in the preface that "in the struggle my sympathies were not neutral" (since the book leans towards the Bolsheviks and their viewpoints). Before John Reed left for Russia, the Espionage Act was passed on June 15, 1917, which fined and imprisoned anyone who interfered with the recruiting of soldiers and prohibited the mailing of any newspaper or magazine that promoted such sentiments. The U. S. Postal Service was also given leave to deny any mailing that fitted these standards from further postal delivery, and then to disqualify a magazine because it had missed a mailing and hence, was no longer considered a regular publication. Because of this, The Masses was forced by the United States federal government to cease publication in the fall of 1917, after refusing to change the magazine's policy against the war. The Liberator, founded by Max Eastman under his and his sister's private control, published Reed's articles concerning the Russian Revolution instead. In an effort to ensure the magazine's survival, Eastman compromised and tempered its views accordingly.
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John Reed


(Portland, 1887 - Moscú, 1920). Fue testigo excepcional de los acontecimientos que cambiaron el rumbo de la historia en la primera mitad del siglo xx. Acompañó a Pancho Villa durante la revolución mexicana como corresponsal de guerra y viajó a lo largo de todo el frente oriental durante la Primera Guerra Mundial. En Petrogrado (hoy San Petersburgo) presenció el II Congreso de los Sóviets de Obreros, Soldados y Campesinos de toda Rusia, que coincidió con el inicio de la Revolución de Octubre. Al regresar a Estados Unidos, fundó el Partido Comunista de Estados Unidos. Fue acusado de espionaje, se vio obligado a escapar de su país y a refugiarse en la Unión Soviética, donde murió el 17 de octubre de 1920. Le enterraron en la Necrópolis de la Muralla del Kremlin, en Moscú, junto a los más notables líderes bolcheviques.